LoW - List of Wastes Regulations 2005

The Environment Agency uses LoW codes in exemptions, permits and licenses to define wastes that are acceptable at a particular facility

The List of Wastes Regulations 2005  is an EU catalogue of different waste types. Different waste streams are defined by a six-digit code:

  • the first two digits represent the LoW chapter (20 chapters in total)
  • the second two digits define the relevant sub-chapter
  • the final two digits describe the specific waste type.

For example LoW code 20 02 01 – 20 is the chapter (municipal wastes and similar commercial, industrial and institutional wastes including separately collected fractions); 02 is the sub-chapter (Garden and park wastes- including cemetery waste); and 01 defines the specific waste type (biodegradable waste).

The LoW codes on their own are not particularly explanatory – however the EA has issued guidance on their use which includes a thesaurus of different waste types and their relevant LoW code. The following tables set out which waste streams can be treated using the T23, T24, T25 and T26 exemptions.

The tables are divided into two, to reflect the stricter limitations on the amount of table 2 waste you can treat and store using a T23 exemption.

Table 1

CODE

EXAMPLES

20 02 01 ; Biodegradable waste from Gardens and park (including cemetery waste




Can be Treated with these exemptions:

Civic amenity waste, animal faeces, bark, grass, manure, garden waste, green waste, horticultural waste, plant tissue, parks and garden waste, trees, hedge and tree trimmings, vegetation, weeds, wood, wood cuttings

T23, T24, T25

20 01 01- Paper and cardboard (separately collected)





Can be Treated with these exemptions:

paper and cardboard bobbins, Civic amenity waste, cardboard, newspaper, office paper, computer paper ,office paper, paper and cardboard (mixed), paper sacks, paper towels (used), paper wipes – contaminated, tissues

T23, T25, T26

02 01 07- Primary production wastes from forestry  [biodegradable forestry waste only]*

Can be Treated with these exemptions:

trees, wood cuttings, wood, green waste, plant tissue


T23, T24, T25

02 01 06 - animal faeces, urine and manure (including spoiled straw), effluent, collected separately and treated off-site [horse and farmyard manure only]*

Can be Treated with these exemptions:

Soiled animal bedding, animal faeces, manure, straw




T23, T24 (you can also treat slurry), T25

02 01 03 – plant tissue waste from agriculture, horticulture, food preparation and processing primary production waste [plant tissue only]*


Can be Treated with these exemptions:

food processing waste (plant tissue), green waste, horticultural waste, plant tissue, trees, vegetable waste, vegetation, weeds, wood, wood cuttings, crops, crop waste

T23, T24, T25

17 05 06 - Soil and dredging spoil [plant tissue from inland waters only]*

Can be Treated with these exemptions:

plant tissue from inland waters


T23, T24, T25

Table 2 sets out the LoW and examples for the second category of wastes which can be composted under a T23 exemption. You are not allowed anymore than 10 tonnes in total of these waste types (within your 80 or 60 tonne limit) on site at any one time.

Table 2

CODE

EXAMPLES

02 02 02 – Animal Tissue Waste









Can be Treated with these exemptions:

animal blood, food processing waste,  animal carcasses, animal hides, non-infectious animal tissue, carcasses, feathers, fish - processing waste, fish carcasses, animal flesh , meat - unfit for consumption, animal skins (gory stuff! we don't know why this is in the regulations, and we don't recommend you compost 10 tonnes of blood!)

T23, T25

02 05 01 – materials unsuitable for consumption or processing from diary products industry

Can be Treated with these exemptions:

dairy products, dairy products (solids), dairy products (liquids)


T23, T25

02 06 01- materials unsuitable for consumption or processing from baking and confectionary industry


Can be Treated with these exemptions:

condemned food, food processing waste, biscuits, chocolate (don't compost your chocolate sent it to CCN!), yeast, bread, bakery waste

T23, T25

20 01 08 -  biodegradable kitchen and canteen waste (municipal, commercial, industrial and institutional)




Can be Treated with these exemptions:

Canteen waste, Dairy products, Dairy products (solids), Dairy products (liquids), domestic food, condemned food, food processing waste, beer, biscuits, alcoholic drinks, alcohols, chocolate, fish

T23, T25, T26

20 03 02 – waste from markets [biodegradable waste from markets]*

Can be Treated with these exemptions:

biodegradable waste from markets


T23, T25

*In some instances the waste types allowed under an exemption are more restrictive than the LoW code alone – for example, 02 01 06 refers to animal faeces, urine and manure (including spoiled straw) and effluent from agriculture, horticulture, aquaculture, food preparation and processing but only horse and farmyard manure can be composted under the T23 exemption. In these instances the restrictions are quite self explanatory as you are unlikely to want to compost effluent. Any such restrictions are included in square brackets in the above table.

additional info:

 

 

Last Updated on Thursday, 27 May 2010 09:32